NAZI WAR CRIMES OF A MEDICAL NATURE
order to ensure the supremacy of the Aryan race, the Nazi Party in Germany
desired to find a secret way of sterilizing large populations.
Three experiments involving
sterilization were in progress when World War II ended in 1945.
1. Dried plant juice was put into food that was fed to concentration camp populations. This was supposed to sterilize women predominantly.
2. Intra-uterine injections of a silver nitrate solution were given to women, without their consent, during routine physical examinations.
3. Men stood at a counter to complete forms while being exposed, without their knowledge, to sterilizing doses of X-radiation.
addition to sterilization experiments, Nazi physician/researchers were
under great pressure to develop an effective vaccine for typhus fever to
administer to German troops.
the trial at Nuremberg, fundamental ethical principles for the conduct of
research involving humans were codifies into the Nuremberg Code which sets
forth ten conditions that must be met before research involving humans is
ethically permissible (e.g., the need for voluntary informed consent of
subjects, a scientifically valid research design that could provide
fruitful results for the good of society).